Balance is a child’s ability to coordinate the body systems and posture to remain upright against gravity, particularly in changing movement scenarios. Balance involves being able to control body movement and posture (in activities where the body is both stationary and moving), and using vision to interpret information about the environment. Balance also relies heavily on the integration of body awareness (where the body is in space) and sensory input.
Balance control is an integral component of many everyday activities for children such as dressing (putting on pants while standing), play (engaging in sports and free play on the playground) and academic activities (sitting balance at a desk while using both hands). Children with postural control, balance and/or visual difficulties may often feel unstable and have difficulty with or decline to engage in activities that challenge balance.